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Natural Elements

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Natural elements are found on earth. There are 90 natural elements. Every substance on earth is made up of one of these elements or a compound of two or more elements. The lightest element is hydrogen and the heaviest element is uranium. Common elements that might have heard or before include aluminum, copper, carbon and oxygen. The most common element on earth is in the air we breathe oxygen. The most common element found in the entire universe is hydrogen.

Chemist know of 88 naturally occurring elements. The natural element with the most complex atom is uranium. Chemists are interested in the reactions of elements and compounds, the analysis of compounds into their component elements and the synthesis of compounds from elements or other compounds. These properties and processes depend upon the structure of the elements and compounds.

List of Natural Elements

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Of the ninety two natural elements ninety nine percent of the living material is made of four elements hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon. Those four elements possess absolutely unique properties not repeated by any other elements in the periodic system of the elements.

Natural elements are trace elements making up less than one part in 10 million of the earths crust. To show that they appreciated a relationship between the two their discoverers named them after the Greek words for moon and earth. Polonium is also rare and is the first of the natural elements having no stable isotope. 

Period Atomic number and name Symbol
1
1 Hydrogen
2 Helium
H
He
2
3 Lithium
4 Beryllium
5 Boron
6 Carbon
7 Nitrogen
8 Oxygen
9 Fluorine
10 Neon
Li
Be
B
C
N
O
F
Ne
3
11 Sodium
12 Magnesium
13 Aluminum
14 Silicon
15 Phosphorous
16 Sulfur
17 Chlorine
18 Argon
Na
Mg
Al
Si
P
S
Cl
Ar
4
19 Potassium
20 Calcium
21 Scandium
22 Titanium
23 Vanadium
24 Chromium
25 Manganese
26 Iron
27 Cobalt
28 Nickel
29 Copper
30 Zinc
31 Gallium
32 Germanium
33 Arsenic
34 Selenium
35 Bromine
36 Krypton
K
Ca
Sc
Ti
V
Cr
Mn
Fe
Ni
Cu
Co
Zn
Ga
Ge
Ar
Se
Br
Kr
5
37 Rubidium
38 Strontium
39 Yttrium
40 Zirconium
41 Niobium
42 Molybdenum
43 Technetium
44 Ruthenium
45 Rhodium
46 Palladium
47 Silver
48 Cadmium
49 Indium
50 Tin
51 Antimony
52 Tellurium
53 Iodine
54 Xenon
Rb
Sr
Y
Zr
Nb
Mo
Tc
Ru
Rh
Pd
Ag
Cd
In
Sn
Sb
Te
I
Xe
6
55 Cesium
56 Barium
57 Lanthanum
58 Cerium
59 Praseodymium
60 Neodymium
61 Promethium
62 Samarium
63 Europium
64 Gadolinium
65 Terbium
66 Dysprosium
67 Holmium
68 Erbium
69 Thulium
70 Ytterbium
71 Lutetium
72 Hafnium
73 Tantalum
74 Tungsten
75 Rhenium
76 Osmium
77 Iridium
78 Platinum
79 Gold
80 Mercury
81 Thallium
82 Lead
83 Bismuth
84 Polonium
85 Astatine
86 Radon
Cs
Ba
La
Ce
Pr
Nd
Pm
Sm
Eu
Gd
Tb
Dy
Ho
Er
Tm
Yb
Lu
Hf
Ta
W
Re
Os
Ir
Pt
Au
Hg
Tl
Pb
Bi
Po
At
Rn
7
87 Francium
88 Radium
89 Actinium
90 Thorium
91 Protactinium
92 Uranium
93 Neptunium
94 Plutonium
95 Americium
96 Curium
97 Berkelium
98 Californium
Fr
Ra
Ac
Th
Pa
U
Np
Pu
Am
Cm
Bk
Cf

Natural Elements Chart

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Of the large number of natural elements only a few are of important in the living world. Some assume major significance as macro nutrients and others are required in small quantities as trace elements. The overall ninety two naturally occurring elements combine in a variety of ways to make up all the organisms and materials of the worlds we live in.

Natural elements with greater numbers of neutrons in their ratios, and elements with an atomic number greater than 83 are unstable. These unstable elements will decay by releasing various types of particles or energy in the ofrm of gamma radiation until their nuclei become stable.