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Biochemistry

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Biochemistry studies the chemistry of living organisms which includes organic atoms and molecules and their chemical responses.

Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology, which involves the study of molecular mechanisms by which genetic information encoded in DNA is able to result in life processes.

Biochemistry emerged as a distinct discipline in the beginning of 20th century when scientists combined biology, chemistry and physiology to investigate about the chemistry of living systems.

Biochemistry is about ascertaining new biochemical arrangements and defining their purpose and interactions with other molecules.

What is Biochemistry?

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Biochemistry is both a life science and a chemical science. Biochemistry examines and explores the chemistry of living morphon and also studies the molecular basis for changes occurring in living cells. Biochemistry has become the foundation for understanding all biological processes.

It has provided explanations for the causes of many diseases in humans, animals and plants. It can frequently suggest ways by which such diseases may be treated or cured.
Biochemistry is the study of the chemical processes occurring in living matter. The tools of biochemists have identified the gene, protein and pathway disruptions that lead to disease and, in many cases, point us to preventions, treatments or cures.

History

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Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry of the living world. The term “biochemistry” seems to have been first used in 1882, the word "biochemistry" was first proposed in 1903 by Carl Neuberg, a German chemist which is a combination of 2 disciplines biology and chemistry. Biochemistry became a distinct science in the early twentieth century.
As the broadest of the basic sciences, biochemistry includes many sub specialties such as:

1) Bioorganic Chemistry
2) Biochemical Pharmacology
3) Immunochemistry
4) Clinical Biochemistry
5) Molecular Genetics
6) Neurochemistry
7) Physical Biochemistry.
Recent approaches in these areas have created a network among technology, chemical engineering and biochemistry.

Importance

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Biochemistry is actually a productive, exciting science that contributes important information to biology, medicine, nutrition, agriculture, physiology, genetics, and immunology essentially all of the primary specialties of life science. Biochemistry is closely related to biological sciences that deals with molecules such as molecular genetics, molecular biology, chemical biology and pharmacology. It would be difficult to overstate the importance of the role biochemistry plays in all our lives.
A few importance of Biochemistry are mentioned below:
1) Biochemistry acts as a guide to drug discovery and its application.

2) Biochemistry helps understand the biochemical changes and physiological changes in human body.

3)The formation of hormones in a normal body function or hormonal imbalance is taught in biochemistry.

4) Allows doctors and nurses to determine how much medicine should be prescribed or given to each patient.

5) Bio chemicals are used in the process of processing raw materials, plants and animals.

6) From aspirin to interleukin's, the treatment of human disease relies on Biochemistry.

7) The role and function of the vitamins and minerals consumed by people are described by biochemistry.

8) A biochemist studies the features of the keratin in hair for enhancing shampoos that improve softness and curliness of hair.

9) Biochemists help to develop artificial sweeteners.
Biochemistry seeks to unravel the complex chemical reactions that occur in a wide variety of life forms, it provides the basis for practical advances in medicine, veterinary medicine, agriculture and biotechnology.

Biochemists have to understand both the living world and the chemical world. Biochemists study difficult molecular mechanisms, metabolic trail and biochemical connection across cells and organisms.Biochemistry enters into the analysis of chemical changes in disease, drug action, and other facet of medicine, likewise in nutrition, genetics, and agriculture.